System 44: Richland School District

At a glance

  • Demonstrates a Rationale
  • Programs: System 44®, Read 180®
  • Subjects: Literacy Curriculum, Intervention Curriculum
  • Report Type: Efficacy Study
  • Grade Level: High
  • Region: West
  • District Urbanicity: Suburban
  • District Size: Large
  • Implementation Model: 40-59 Minutes, 60-79 Minutes, 80+ Minutes
  • District: Richland School District, WA
  • Participants: N=20
  • Outcome Measure: Reading Inventory
  • Evaluation Period: 2009–2010
  • Study Conducted by: Scholastic Research

Read 180 now incorporates the comprehensive foundational literacy skills scope and sequence from System 44.

Richland School District is a small public school district serving approximately 10,700 students in Washington State. In 2009, the district’s student body was largely White (82%), while most of the remaining students were Hispanic (9%), Asian/Pacific Islander (5%), African American (3%), and American Indian (1%). Nearly a third of students (30%) qualified for free or reduced-price lunch, 12% were students with disabilities, and 2% were classified as Transitional Bilingual.

In the fall of 2009, 20 students in Grades 9–12 were identified for placement into System 44. Students were selected for inclusion in the program based on a combination of factors including low performance on the Northwest Evaluation Association Measures of Academic Progress (MAP®) assessment, Reading Inventory®, and Phonics Inventory®. System 44 was implemented in two high schools. In one high school, it was integrated into an existing READ 180® program for 100 to 110 minutes each day. In the other high school, System 44 was used in two Life Skills classrooms serving students with physical and cognitive impairments. In the Life Skills classrooms, a 50- to 55-minute stand-alone version was used. In all classrooms, students were expected to use the System 44 software for 20 minutes each day. For the purposes of this study, both models were analyzed together.

High school students with physical and mental challenges benefit from System 44.

In order to measure the impact of System 44 on student achievement, fall 2009 and spring 2010 Reading Inventory Lexile® (L) data were gathered for the System 44 students. Findings revealed that, on average, students improved from a pretest score of 204L to a posttest score of 319L, a statistically significant gain of 115L (Graph 1).

2 1 Richland Graph 1

GRAPH 1. Richland School District System 44 Students, Grades 9–12 (N=20)

Performance on Reading Inventory, 2009–2010