In Teaching Flat Plane Shapes and Solid Shapes, we explore different attributes for flat and solid shapes. This lesson extends those concepts by having students identify and count specific attributes of solid shapes, such as vertices or edges. It is designed for students in Grades K–1 but can be extended or simplified to adjust for your students’ readiness.
- Key Standard: Identify and analyze three-dimensional shapes, using mathematical language to describe their similarities, differences, parts, and other attributes. (Common Core: K.G.B.4; Florida BEST: MA.1.GR.1.1)
- Objective: In this lesson, students will explore the parts that make up solid figures.
Lesson: Identify and Analyze Solid Figures
Materials: One rectangular prism, cube, sphere, cone, cylinder, and pyramid for each group of students.
Preparation: Distribute solid figures to groups of students.
Prerequisite Skills and Background: Students should be able to recognize and name solid figures.
- Say: A face is a flat surface of a solid object. Show students the idea by holding up a solid object such as a rectangular prism and asking if anyone can identify a face of the object.
- Ask: Which solid figures have faces that are polygons? (rectangular prism, cube, and pyramid)
- Say: Put the other solid figures aside for now.
- Ask: Which solid figure has faces that are rectangles? (rectangular prism)
- Say: Count the number of faces a rectangular prism has. Mark each face as you count. To mark the faces temporarily, use stickers or sticky notes. Copy the table below as students are working so that all students can see it.
- For your materials, if possible, use real world examples that relate to your students’ interests. For example, if some of your students play a sport that uses a spherical ball, you could make them a group and use that ball.
- Because so much of this lesson relies on examining and analyzing physical objects, it works well for students who are visually impaired. In place of the table below, explain what information you are looking for and have students describe the same information for each of the solid figures.
Be the first to read the latest from Shaped.