An arrangement of objects, pictures, or numbers in columns and rows is called an array. In this article, you will learn how to use arrays to show the relationship between multiplication and division.
Key standard: Use multiplication and division within 100 to solve word problems in situations involving arrays. (3.OA.A.3)
Students in Grades 3 and up will learn that division can be thought of in two ways, partitioning and measurement. Although at this level students may not use these names, you can convey the meaning of both kinds of division so that they can have a better understanding of the division process. When you divide to find the number of objects in each group, the division is called fair sharing or partitioning. For example:
A farmer is filling baskets of apples. The farmer has 24 apples and 4 baskets. If she divides them equally, how many apples will she put in each basket?
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