As any teacher will tell you, after the first month of summer break, the brainstorming happens. You begin searching the internet for classroom themes, décor, open-house activities, and “getting to know you” games and worksheets. You want the upcoming school year to be better than the year before, and there’s nothing wrong with that! But pump the brakes. You need to make sure your beginning-of-the-year activities address classroom management and build culture and community.
What Is Classroom Management?
Classroom management is a broadly used term in education. It all boils down to the variety of skills and techniques that teachers use to ensure their classroom runs smoothly, without disruptive behavior from students, and builds a community in which each student has a sense of belonging. Seems simple, right? I began my career as a longterm substitute. It was an absolute disaster! There was no plan. At the end of the school year, when I was hired on permanently, I took the summer to create my classroom management plan.
Unit Zero: Culture Camp
In my classroom, the first two weeks are Culture Camp. Before I can even get to teaching my first unit, students must understand my rules, procedures, and expectations and be part of the classroom’s culture.
Take time to get to know your students.
I am a firm believer that classroom management is not mainly about having the right rules, but having the right relationships. Get to know each student and family individually. What do they like to do in their free time? What motivates them? What makes them frustrated?
QUICK TIP: My first contact to parents is positive. I enjoy sending postcards featuring a student’s positive behavior or academic achievement.
Create a Welcoming Environment
Students want to feel like they belong and this is their classroom, and they are not just a guest passing through. How can you make students feel welcomed? How can they take ownership of the classroom?
- Instead of sitting at my desk, I stand at my classroom door in the morning, welcoming each student.
- Having jobs in the classroom helps students take ownership of their community and creates a greater investment. Some jobs in my classroom include:
- Floor manager: Sweeps at the end of a messy activity or the end of the day
- Pencil manager: Sharpens pencils at the end of the day
- Trash collector: Collects scraps at the end of the day or after a messy activity
Decide What Kind of Structure You Want in Your Room
Do you want your classroom highly structured? Do students have to ask before moving about the classroom? Do you want low structure in your classroom, where students can move freely and can sit wherever they would like? Or would you like something in the middle? This is something you need to decide well in advance of the first day of school. If you have no idea what kind of structure you would like in your classroom, students will be confused and will be unable to meet your expectations.
Enlist Students in Establishing Classroom Rules
Students are more likely to buy into your classroom management plan if their voice is heard. Work with your students to come up with a list of classroom rules and consequences.
QUICK TIP: Brainstorm a list of desired behaviors and rewards with students. Once classroom rules and consequences are created, write them on chart paper and have all students sign it. Then display it in the classroom (on a wall or bulletin board).
How will students transition from one activity to another? This seems extreme, to the point of micromanaging, but it isn’t and will pay off in the long run. For each transition in my classroom—lining up for lunch and recess, switching classes, getting materials out, and getting into groups for collaborative work—I have asked myself: how does this sound, and what does this look like? After I have played out these scenes in my mind, I teach my students how to execute these transitions.