The Test of Word Reading Efficiency, Second Edition (TOWRE-2) offers a quick and reliable way to assess efficiency of sight word recognition and phonemic decoding in children and adults. It provides professionals in schools and clinics with a reliable and valid measure of fluency and accuracy of print-based word-reading skills.
TOWRE-2 is a measure of an individual's ability to pronounce printed words (Sight Word Efficiency) and phonemically regular non-words (Phonemic Decoding Efficiency) accurately and fluently. Because it can be administered very quickly, the test provides an efficient means of monitoring the growth of two kinds of word reading skills that are critical in the development of overall reading ability.
- The Sight Word Efficiency (SWE) subtest assesses the number of real words printed in vertical lists that an individual can accurately identify within 45 seconds.
- The Phonemic Decoding Efficiency (PDE) subtest measures the number of pronounceable nonwords presented in vertical lists that an individual can accurately decode within 45 seconds.
Each of the two subtests of TOWRE-2 has four alternate forms, A through D. The four forms of each subtest are of equivalent difficulty, and any of the forms of each subtest may be given depending on the purposes of the assessment. If only one form of each test is used, the test can be administered in approximately 5 minutes, including time for directions and practice items.
TOWRE-2 can be used in identifying children in the early elementary grades who will require more intensive or explicit instruction in word reading skills in order to make adequate progress in learning to read. In addition, the test can be used as part of a battery of tests for diagnosis of specific reading disabilities in older children and adults. TOWRE-2 can also be used either as a replacement for or as a supplement to standard diagnostic tests of context-free word reading ability currently in use.