Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scales

SB5
Early SB5
  • Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scales (SB5), Fifth Edition

    SB5

    Authors: Gale H. Roid, 2003

    Type: Cognitive ability assessment

    Purpose: Individually administered assessment of intelligence and cognitive abilities

    Measures: 2 to 85+ years

    Ages: 4 to 10 years

    Administration Time: Approximately 5 minutes per subtest

    Scoring: SB5 ScoringPro Software

    Restriction Level: High

    Funding Sources: Title I, IDEA, Professional Development

    General Information

    The Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scales, Fifth Edition (SB5) is a contemporary assessment with a rich tradition, which began in 1916 when Lewis Terman completed his American revision of the Binet-Simon Scale (1905, 1908). Through various editions, this assessment has become widely known and is acknowledged as the standard for intelligence measurement.

    As a battery of cognitive tests, the SB5 advances the assessment of strengths and weaknesses in the cognitive processes of students who may be evaluated for learning disabilities.

    The SB5 supports early prediction of emerging learning disabilities in children as young as two years old, and can be used for examinees over 85 years of age. Author research has identified special predictive composite scores for identifying both Reading and Math disabilities. As a battery of cognitive tests, the SB5 advances the assessment of strengths and weaknesses in the cognitive processes of students who may be evaluated for learning disabilities.

    The SB5 provides comprehensive coverage of five factors of cognitive ability:

    • Fluid Reasoning
    • Knowledge
    • Quantitative Reasoning
    • Visual-Spatial Processing
    • Working Memory

    Uses

    The SB5 helps to diagnose a wide variety of developmental disabilities and exceptionalities and may also be useful in:

    • Clinical and neuropsychological assessment
    • Early childhood assessment
    • Psychoeducational evaluations for special education placements
    • Adult social security and workers’ compensation evaluations
    • Providing information for interventions such as IFSPs, IEPs, career assessment, industrial selection, and adult neuropsychological treatment
    • Forensic contexts
    • Research on abilities and aptitudes

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    • SB5 Features

      Features and Benefits

      • Enhanced nonverbal/low-verbal content that requires no (or minimal) verbal responses from the examinee
      • Useful in assessing for LEP/ELL, deaf and hard of hearing, and autistic populations
      • Extensive high-end items to ensure measurement of the highest levels of gifted performance
      • Improved low-end items for better measurement of low functioning children and adults
      • Valid measurement of abilities into the elderly years with enhanced assessment of working memory
      • Modernized artwork and item content
      • Child-friendly manipulatives
      • Ideal for measuring basic psychological processes in problem-solving models like Response to Intervention (RTI)

      Testing begins in Item Book 1 with the routing subtests. The start points for two routing subtests in Item Book 1 are determined by age or estimated ability level. Nonverbal Fluid Reasoning routes to the appropriate difficulty level in Item Book 2 (Nonverbal), while Verbal Knowledge does so for Item Book 3 (Verbal). The remaining eight subtests (four nonverbal and four verbal) are then measured in Item Books 2 and 3.

      THIS TEST INCLUDES CERTAIN MANIPULATIVES WITH SMALL PARTS THAT MAY PRESENT A CHOKING HAZARD FOR CHILDREN UNDER THE AGE OF EIGHT. DO NOT ALLOW THE CHILD TO PLACE ANY MANIPULATIVE IN THEIR MOUTH. A TRAINED ADULT EXAMINER MUST ALWAYS CLOSELY SUPERVISE THE ADMINISTRATION OF THE TEST AND USE OF MANIPULATIVES BY CHILDREN.

    • SB5 Scoring

      The SB5 can be scored by hand or scored with the SB5 ScoringPro. ScoringPro is a Windows®-based software program that provides consistency in raw score conversion, an extended score report, a graphical report, and a brief, narrative summary report with guidelines and suggestions based on well-established principles of assessment. The report can be exported to a word-processing file for editing as necessary.

      System Requirements

      • Microsoft® Windows 98/NT®4.0/Me/2000/XP
      • Pentium® 200 MHz processor
      • 64 MB RAM (96 MB recommended)
      • CD-ROM or DVD drive
      • 100 MB free hard disk space
      • Microsoft Internet Explorer 5.01 or higher

      Interpretation

      At the most granular level of the norm-referenced scores are the 10 subtest scores (scaled scores have a mean of 10, SD of 3, score range 1-19). These subtest scores combine to form four types of composite scores: factor index, domain, abbreviated, and full scale (each with scaled score means of 100, SD of 15, score range 40-160).

      Two subtests (one verbal, the other its nonverbal complement) combine to form each factor index. There are two domain scales: Nonverbal IQ (NVIQ) (combines the five nonverbal subtests) and Verbal IQ (VIQ) (combines the five verbal subtests). Two routing subtests combine to form the Abbreviated Battery IQ (ABIQ). Finally, the Full Scale IQ (FSIQ) combines all 10 subtests. The Change-Sensitive Scores (CSS) use item response theory scaling to convert the raw score totals on the composite scales described above into criterion-referenced levels of ability. These scales, as with the norm-referenced scores, have excellent measurement properties. Because the CSSs reference absolute levels of ability, they provide a way to compare changes in an individual’s scores over time.

      Average scores range from the 2-year-old level (about 430) to the adult level (about 520). All of the SB5 items have been calibrated to this scale, and the difficulty of each item has a location along that scale. The scores are particularly useful for the evaluation of extreme performance levels. The SB5 also offers age-equivalent scores derived from CSSs, along with a CSS-based abbreviated battery score making use of raw scores from the Nonverbal Reasoning and Verbal Knowledge subtests. Finally, the Interpretive Manual describes a hand scoring procedure for deriving an Extended IQ (EXIQ) that allows for scores between both 10:39 and 161:225.

      Technical Information

      Normative data for the SB5 were gathered from 4,800 individuals between the ages of 2 and 85+ years. The normative sample closely matches the 2000 U.S. Census. Bias reviews were conducted on all items for the following variables: gender, ethnicity, culture, religion, region, and socioeconomic status. Additionally, the SB5 was co-normed with the Bender® Visual-Motor Gestalt Test, Second Edition (page 125), and the Test Observation Form (page 142). Reliabilities for the SB5 are very high.

      For the FSIQ, NVIQ, and VIQ, reliabilities range from .95 to .98 (average internal consistency composite reliability, across all age groups). Reliabilities for the Factor Indexes range from .90 to .92. For the 10 subtests, reliabilities range from .84 to .89. Concurrent and criterion validity data were obtained using the SB-IV,SB-LM, WJ III®, UNIT?, Bender-Gestalt II, WPPSI-R®,WAIS®-III, WIAT®-II, and WISC-III®.

      THIS TEST INCLUDES CERTAIN MANIPULATIVES WITH SMALL PARTS THAT MAY PRESENT A CHOKING HAZARD FOR CHILDREN UNDER THE AGE OF EIGHT. DO NOT ALLOW THE CHILD TO PLACE ANY MANIPULATIVE IN THEIR MOUTH. A TRAINED ADULT EXAMINER MUST ALWAYS CLOSELY SUPERVISE THE ADMINISTRATION OF THE TEST AND USE OF MANIPULATIVES BY CHILDREN.

    • SB5 Additional-Resources

      Interpretive Manual

      The Interpretive Manual provides detailed guidelines for the effective interpretation of the Fifth Edition of the Stanford-Binet for a number of applications, including its use by psychologists active in school, clinical, and counseling settings. Case studies, profile analyses, and SB5 ScoringPro reports provide concrete examples of interpretation.

      The manual includes a series of research-based composite indexes as well as those that predict early risk for learning disabilities in children ages four to seven. It also introduces an Extended IQ scale that supports the calculation of Full Scale IQ scores as low as 10 and as high as 225. Click here for ordering information.

      Essentials of Stanford-Binet (SB5) Assessment

      Following the popular Essentials format and style, this volume in the series provides comprehensive instructions on optimal use of the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scales , Fifth Edition. It provides administration, scoring, and interpretation guidelines. The book outlines the strengths and weaknesses of the latest version of this classic cognitive assessment instrument, as well as clinical applications of its use. Click here for ordering information.

      The SB5 University Training Resources contains a CD-ROM with PowerPoint presentations, along with PDF files including Tips for Examiners, Frequently Asked Questions, and selected Assessment Service Bulletins. This package is designed for use by university professors and training professionals to help teach others how to use of the SB5. Click here for ordering information.

    • SB5 Assessment Service Bulletins

      Assessment Service Bulletins (ASBs)

      The following documents provide education professionals and clinicians supportive technical data, feature comparisons, and practical applications of the SB5. Each ASB features a different topic that, when reviewed carefully, will help professionals maximize the breadth of information and depth of diagnostic utility available with SB5. Print and read the bulletins as needed, and share with colleagues who use SB5 to measure intelligence, plan educational programs, provide psychometric training,conduct research, and more.

      SB5 Assessment Service Bulletin #1: History of the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scales: Content and Psychometrics (98 KB)

      SB5 Assessment Service Bulletin #2: Accommodations on the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scales, Fifth Edition (324 KB)

      SB5 Assessment Service Bulletin #3: Use of the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scales, Fifth Edition in the Assessment of High Abilities (131 KB)

      SB5 Assessment Service Bulletin #4: Special Composite Scores for the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scales, Fifth Edition (618 KB)

      Quality of Performance and Change - Sensitive Assessment for Cognitive Ability by Gale H. Roid (500 KB)

      Technical Brief - Interpretation of SB5/Early SB5 Factor Index Scores by Gale H. Roid (197 KB)

  • Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scales for Early Childhood (Early SB5)

    Early SB5

    Authors: Gale H. Roid, 2005

    Type: Cognitive ability assessment for early childhood

    Purpose: Individually administered assessment of intelligence and cognitive abilities

    Measures: Fluid Reasoning, Knowledge, Quantitative Reasoning, Visual-Spatial Processing, Working Memory

    Restriction Level: High

    Ages: 2:0 to 7:3 (2:0 to 5:11 for full battery; 6:0 to 7:3 for abbreviated battery)

    Times: Full Battery: 30-50 minutes; Abbreviated Battery: 15-20 minutes

    Scoring: SB5 ScoringPro

    Funding Sources: Title I, IDEA, Early Childhood, Professional Development

    Features

    • Comprehensive coverage of the five factors of cognitive ability
    • Improved low-end items for better measurement of low-functioning children and adults
    • Enhanced nonverbal/low-verbal content requires no (or minimal) verbal responses from the examinee (useful in assessment for LEP/ELL, deaf and hard of hearing, and autism)
    • Modernized artwork and item content
    • Test Observation Checklist for documenting the behavior of the child during testing
    • Parent Report helps facilitate communication with the child’s parent, guardian, or caregiver
    • Condensed format for ease of administration at an economical price
    • Ideal for measuring basic psychological processes in problem-solving models like Response to Intervention (RTI)

    http://www.riversidepublishing.com/rti/mbpp.html

    http://www.riversidepublishing.com/rti/index.html

    Overview

    The Early SB5 is a specialized version of the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scales, Fifth Edition (SB5) for use with young children ages 2:0 through 7:3 years.

    Explore More

    • Early SB5 Administration

      Administration time varies. The estimated time is 30-50 minutes for the full battery and 15-20 minutes for the abbreviated battery. The Early SB5, like the SB5, has 10 subtests. Two routing subtests (Nonverbal Fluid Reasoning and Verbal Knowledge) cover the age range 2:0 through 7:3, while the remaining eight subtests offer scores in the preschool range, from 2:0 through 5:11. As with the SB5, testing begins in Item Book 1 with the two routing subtests, which are retained in their entirety. However, all remaining subtests into which the first two subtests route are contained in Item Book 2, with only the most difficult levels of items dropping across those subtests. Dropping these more difficult items will generally have no impact on the scores of the young children typically assessed with the Early SB5. However, because of the changes, assessment for intellectual giftedness would require use of only the two routing subtests or, better yet, the complete SB5.

      THIS TEST INCLUDES CERTAIN MANIPULATIVES WITH SMALL PARTS THAT MAY PRESENT A CHOKING HAZARD FOR CHILDREN UNDER THE AGE OF EIGHT. DO NOT ALLOW THE CHILD TO PLACE ANY MANIPULATIVE IN THEIR MOUTH. A TRAINED ADULT EXAMINER MUST ALWAYS CLOSELY SUPERVISE THE ADMINISTRATION OF THE TEST AND USE OF MANIPULATIVES BY CHILDREN.

    • Early SB5 Scoring

      Scores that can be generated by the Early SB5 include: Full Scale IQ, Nonverbal IQ, Verbal IQ, Abbreviated Battery IQ, Standard Scores, Percentile Ranks, Change-Sensitive Scores, and Extended IQ. The SB5 can be hand-scored or scored with optional scoring software.

      Interpretation

      All scores available for the SB5 are also available for the Early SB5. These include 10 subtest scores (scales scores have a mean of 10, SD=3, score range 1-19), broad ability (factor index) and IQ composite scores (mean of 100, SD=15, range 40-160), percentile, change-sensitive scores (CSSs), and age-equivalents.

      CSSs, because they reference absolute levels of ability rather than age-referenced norms, may be especially useful in the study of the rapid growth of abilities in earliest childhood. In distinction to the complete SB5, users should be aware that determination of Extended IQ (EXIQ) scores from instructions in the Interpretive Manual should be limited to scores under 40, which may be of interest in the study of severe developmental delays.

      The newly developed Test Observation Checklist identifies a range of behaviors that may serve as “flags” for behavioral or cognitive difficulties that may both affect the examinee’s performance on the test and his or her adaptation outside the testing situation. The 21 areas of behavior addressed in the checklist should be followed up through further tailored assessment, including observation, interview, or contact with parents, guardians, or other caregivers.

      Software

      SB5 ScoringPro

      As with the SB5, the Early SB5 may be hand-scored or scored with the optional SB5 ScoringPro software. The SB5 ScoringPro is a Windows®-based software program that replicates the process of hand-scoring. Users enter background information, age, and raw scores.

      This program provides consistency in raw score conversion, and extended score report, a graphical report, and a brief, narrative summary report with guidelines and suggestions based on well-established principles of assessment. The report can be exported and then imported into a word processing file for editing as necessary.

      The ScoringPro software also produces a newly available parent report, which includes a brief narrative description and compact graphic representation of the percentile scores obtained by the examinee across the five factor indexes available in the Early SB5. Click here to order your SB5 ScoringPro.

      http://www.riversidepublishing.com/sales/ordering.html
    • Early SB5 Technical Qualities

      Standardization

      The Early SB5 is a specialized version of the SB5, thus, sharing its technical qualities. A normative sample of 1,800 individuals was used in the age range addressed by the Early SB5 (ages 20. through 7).

      The normative sample closely matches the 2000 U.S. Census (education level based on 1999 data). Bias reviews were conducted on all items for the following variables: gender, ethnicity, culture, religion, region, and socioeconomic status. The Early SB5 was co-normed with the Bender® Visual-Motor Gestalt Test, Second Edition (beginning at age 4) and theTest Observation Form (beginning at age 2).

      Reliability and Validity

      Reliabilities for the Early SB5 are very high for scores across its age range: FSIQ (.97-.98), NVIQ and VIQ (.94.96), factor indexes (.90-.92), and subtests (.81-.92). Concurrent and criterion validity data were obtained using the SB IV, SM L-M, WJIII®, UNIT, Bender®-Gestalt II, WPPSI-R®, WAIT®-II, and WISC-III®.

      Resources

      Use of the Test Observation Checklist by Glen P. Alyward and Andrew D. Carson

      Download the PDF (39 KB)

      THIS TEST INCLUDES CERTAIN MANIPULATIVES WITH SMALL PARTS THAT MAY PRESENT A CHOKING HAZARD FOR CHILDREN UNDER THE AGE OF EIGHT. DO NOT ALLOW THE CHILD TO PLACE ANY MANIPULATIVE IN THEIR MOUTH. A TRAINED ADULT EXAMINER MUST ALWAYS CLOSELY SUPERVISE THE ADMINISTRATION OF THE TEST AND USE OF MANIPULATIVES BY CHILDREN.