Authors: Gary Brannigan, Scott Decker, Second Edition, 2003
Purpose: Assessment visual-motor integration functioning
Restriction Level: Medium
Ages: 4 to 85+ years
Times: 10-15 minutes
Scoring: PR, SS, T scores, and CI
The Bender® Visual-Motor Gestalt Test
, originally published in 1938 by Lauretta Bender, M.D., is one of the most widely used psychological tests in the past half century. The Second Edition (Bender-Gestalt
II) continues its tradition as a brief test of visual-motor integration that can provide interpretive information about an individual's development and psychological functioning.
Appropriate for ages 4 to 85+ years, Bender-Gestalt
II is designed for use with both children and adults and is useful in the identification of learning difficulties including:
- Poor perceptual discrimination ability
- Poor fine motor skills
- Visual-motor integration problems
- Weak organizational and planning skills
- Attentional and impulsivity problems
- Personality and behavioral characteristics, as exhibited by the drawing activities
- Memory storage and retrieval problems
- General maturation delays
- Provides a recall procedure to assess visual-motor memory that provides a more comprehensive assessment of visual-motor skills
- Offers supplemental tests of simple motor and perceptual ability that help to identify specific visual-motor deficits
- Includes a comprehensive testing observations system including physical demeanor, drawing technique, and test-taking behavior and attitude
- Features a timing component option that measures drawing time for the Copy and Recall phases
- Provides a quick, easy, and comprehensive scoring criteria in the Global Scoring System
- Co-normed with the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scales, Fifth Edition
Administration of the Bender-Gestalt II involves two phases: the Copy phase and the Recall phase. In the Copy phase, the examinee is asked to copy each of the designs on a blank sheet of paper. In the Recall phase, the examinee is asked to redraw the designs from memory.
In addition to the two phases, examiners are asked to record examinee behavior on an Observation Form. The Observation Form contains areas for recording times and different types of test-taking behavior.
The Bender-Gestalt II includes two supplemental tests to provide a brief screening of specific motor and perceptual abilities. The purpose of these tests is to help understand low performance on the Bender-Gestalt II Copy and Recall phases by detecting the presence of motor or perceptual difficulties. The supplemental tests should be administered following the Recall phase.